Disaster Recovery on Mirrored drives

Cut’n’paste from orginal sunmanagers posting from here, should also be titled “Why ufsdump’s are still a good thing

Date: Thu, 6 Nov 2003 13:29:33 +0000
To: sunmanagers@sunmanagers.org

This is just a quick guide covering something that caught me out recently:


Solaris 8

We have a couple of E20R’s, all with mirrored system partitions (/, /usr,
/var, /opt) We run Legato Networker for our main backups, but I still run
a ufsdump every couple of nights aswell. The reasoning behind this is that
one of the E220’s is the Networker server, so in the event of a major
problem on this machine, we need to get it back before we can use Networker
to pull stuff from the backups.

With a tape that has UFS Dumps of your sys partitions, you can be back on
the road in a couple of hours (depends on tape speeds 🙂

There are scenarios where mirroring wont protect you, primarily user error,
which in this case was a restore be done on the wrong machine, so somebody
over wrote everything on the E220 with the contents of a different machine.

The snag with a mirrored setup is that if you boot of a CD or network, you
wont beable to see your metadevices, just the raw devices. So when your
restore from tape to an underlying device, what does the metaresync do on
reboot? I don’t know, but the solution is to restore to one drive and pull
the 2nd drive before rebooting, preventing the metaresync from doing
anything! After the recovery, reinsert the 2nd drive and reenable all

Here follows the detailed solution:

Things you should take note of before the disaster occurs!

1) partitions sizes, names & mount points, just incase!
2) The order in which partitions are written to tape
3) The correct options for ufsrestore! (we use a block size of 512, which
always catches me out..)

Here are the steps I followed:

1) Write protect your ufssdump tape.

2) Pull your second drive (i.e. the one that your machine DOESN’T boot

3) Boot from a Solaris CD or network jumpstart kit in single user mode
“boot cdrom -s” or “boot net -s”

5) wipe your corrupted partitions:
newfs /dev/dsk/c0t0d0s0
newfs etc

5) mount your root partition to /mnt and mount /opt as /mnt/opt etc to
fill out the tree

6) This next step assumes that your partitions are written to tape in the
following order, /, /usr, /var, /opt

cd /mnt
ufsrestore rvfb /dev/rmt/0cn 512
cd /mnt/usr
ufsrestore rvfb /dev/rmt/0cn 512
cd /mnt/var
ufsrestore rvfb /dev/rmt/0cn 512
cd /mnt/opt
ufsrestore rvfb /dev/rmt/0cn 512

7) Rewrite the boot block on your disk:

installboot /usr/platform/’/usr/sbin/uname -i’/lib/fs/ufs/bootblk

8) Unmount everything.
cd /
umount /mnt/opt
umount /mnt/usr
umount /mnt/var
umount /mnt

9) Go down to the OBP
shutdown -i0 -g0 -y

10) Boot as normal (assuming you pulled the right drive, you may have to
boot off the, alternative if you didn’t, you can do this by setting
device aliases etc, detailed elsewhere)

11) Everything look ok? Good, now reinsert the 2nd disk and re-enable the

metareplace -e d10 c0t1d0s0

12) Be happy that your system is back 🙂

Please feel free to add comments & embelish this as you see fit. Hopefully
it will be of some help to somebody in there hour of need.